- Using SER
Database Migration Tool
SERi Database Migration Tool
migrate_seri_db is a Python script that can be used to migrate the contents of SER database from release 0.9.x to the new schema used in newer SER releases (starting with 2.0.x). The script works directly with data stored in MySQL server and thus you must have the server(s) up and running and accessible before you can use the script. Although the script does not modify the contents of the database being converted, I do recommend you to make a backup of the database before running the script! You have been warned!
DOWNLOAD: You can download the latest version of the tool from http://ftp.iptel.org/pub/ser/migrate_ser_db
2. InstallationInstallation should be pretty straightforward. The script is written in Python and thus you need working python interpreter in version 2.3 or higher. In addition to that make sure you have the MySQL database driver for python installed. The name of the package is MySQLdb and most distributions it is usually installed from package called python-mysqldb. The only executable file in migrate_ser_db is migrate_ser_db.py and this file must have the exec bit set.
3. Running the scriptThe script needs access both the source (being converted) database and the destination database. They can both reside on the same MySQL server or they can be on different database servers. Both the source and destination database must exist and it is recommended that the destination database be empty. Both source and destination databases are identified using URIs that are same as database URIs used in ser.cfg configuration files. The default URIi for the source database is:
mysql://ser:heslo@localhost/serThe default URI of the destination database is:
NOTE: The destination database must exist!You can change the source and destination database URI using -i and -o command line options respectively. Run the script with -h command line option to get the list of all supported command line options. By default the script will produce only error messages on standard output, if you need more information on what's going on then you can use -v option to increase the verbosity level. By default the script tries to convert all the tables from the source database into the destination database. If you are not using all the tables or if you would like to skip the conversion of some table (for example, after previous unsuccessful run of the script when some of the tables have been converted and some not) then you can specify the list of tables to be converted using -t command line option.
4.1 Virtual domainsAs the first step the script tries to convert the list of domains from domain table. It will take the list of all domain names from the domain table and organize them into a tree. For each sub-tree in that tree the script will generate a DID (unique domain identifier). The only supported format of dids is the UUID string, for example a03d7a97-b07f-4f49-aaed-c25ec2e47020. If you have rows iptel.org, sip.iptel.org, proxy.iptel.org, and foo.bar then the script will generate two virtual domains. One of them will have iptel.org, sip.iptel.org, and proxy.iptel.org as hostname aliases (they will all map to the same did). The other domain will contain single domain alias which will be foo.bar. In addition to that the script will also create domain-level attributes with the name "digest_realm" in domain_attrs table. The value of the attribute will be the shortest hostname in each virtual domain, in the previous example it will be 'iptel.org' and 'foo.bar'.
NOTE: Subsequent steps use the result of domain table conversion, if corresponding virtual domain could not be found then the function will use a default did which is '_default'.
4.1 SubscribersThe subscribers table in the old schema has been renamed to credentials table in the new schema. In addition to that the new table does not contain auxiliary columns, such as first_name, last_name, and email_address anymore. These are now stored in user-level attributes. In the new SER database schema each subscriber of the system is identified by uid (unique user id), not by SIP URIs. The credentials table is also used to map digest usernames and realms to uid hence the conversion script has to generate uids in this phase. In the first step the script will copy the data from subscriber table into credentials table and generate a uid for each entry. In the second step the script generate a user-level attributes for the auxiliary attributes and writes the data into user_attrs table. The user_attrs table will then contain attributes like "first_name=Jan", "last_name=Janak" and so on. The list of SIP URIs a subscriber is stored in uri table in the new schema and the script will also generate SIP URIs for the users it just created. The digest username will be used as SIP username, digest realm will be used to determine the host part of the SIP uri and the result is then written into uri table. This ensures that every subscriber has at least one valid SIP uri in the uri table and the username of that URI matches digest username.
4.2 Pendig tablePending table is used by serwebi to store newly created accounts that haven't been confirmed by the user yet. Such accounts are not yet active. In the new schema they are stored in the same way as active accounts/subscribers described in section 4.1, but a flag is used to indicate that the row/record is disabled and thus it should not be used by SER. In other words the contents of pending table is converted just like the contents of subscribers table but a special flag is set for every record to instruct SER that it should ignore it.
4.3 Aliases tableNot yet implemented.
4.4 URI tableEntries from the old uri table are just copied over to the new uri table. The script will lookup uid for each entry from the old uri table, replace the host part with did and store it in the new uri table.
4.5 Location tableIn the new database schema all users are identified by uid, instead of usernames and domains. That applies to the user location entries as well, and thus the script needs to lookup the corresponding uid for every record in the old location table and write it into the new location table. When processing a REGISTER message SER 0.10.x looks-up the uid of the registering user and stores <uid,contact> pairs in the location table.
4.6 CPLi tableThe contents of cpl table is copied almost verbatim, except that the username of the user is replaced with uid, just like in many other tables.
4.7 msilo tableUsername, domain pair gets converted into uid and the rest is copied almost verbatim.
4.8 phonebook tablePhonebook entries in the new database schema belong to users represented by uids, so username domain pairs from the original schema are converted into uids and stored in the new table.
4.9 admin_privileges tableAdmin privileges are stored in the form of user-level attributes in the new schema, so the script will create a new user-level attribute for every row in the original admin_privileges table. By default the following privileges are converted: is_admin, acl_control, change_privileges. They are all used by serweb, not by ser.
4.10 grp tableGroup membership stored in grp table in the old schema is stored as user-level attributes in the new schema. For each row in the old grp table the script will generate a record in user_attrs table.
4.11 user_preferences tableThis is the old name for user_attrs table and thus entries from user_preferences table are copied verbatim to user_attrs table.
4.12 acc and missed_calls tables
The script will lookup dids and uids where needed and copy the entries from old acc and missed_calls tables into the tables with same name in the new schema. See file acc.py for details on column conversions.